Delhi Pollution Control Committee (DPCC) has notified the “approved” fuels in the capital, which include cleaner options like BS-VI petrol and diesel, CNG, LPG, aviation turbine fuel and biogas.
The notification, which seeks to eliminate a range of dirty fuels to reduce toxic emissions from industries, transport and domestic sectors, also grants 90 days to the industries to switch to the approved options, following which action will be taken against violators.
The list also includes firewood for crematoriums, wood charcoal for tandoors, grills and ironing, and refuse-derived fuels for waste-toenergy plants. Coal with low sulphur (less than 0.4%) can be used only in thermal power plants. The notification also said any other clean fuel specified by the Delhi government could be added to the list. All other fuels will be deemed “unapproved” for use in the national capital territory of Delhi.
Welcoming the decision, experts said it was a right step to control pollution in Delhi. “Dust particles in the air get coated with toxic substances from combustion and can go deep into the lungs. Cleaner fuels for combustion are an important step forward to reduce the toxicity of emissions,” said Anumita Roy Chowdhury, executive director (research and advocacy) at Centre for Science and Environment (CSE).
According to CSE, the notification virtually eliminates the use of coal from everything except in power plants. “With other dirty fuels like petcoke and furnace oil also banned, industrial units will have to shift to cleaner options,” Roy Chowdhury said.