Pollution

2016 November – everyone finally wakes up to the crisis of pollution same old discussion – first on the cause and then quick fix solutions – AAP government has failed badly on this issue – big talk nothing done just like an politician – where are dust sucking machines – yes one did see some planting of trees and hedges along the roads – buses – carpooling etc cant blame the Sheila Dixit government now you had time and did nothing – please no more excuses that crop burning in Punjab is causing it or that center is not allowing – what is the center doing about all this – you and your families are affected by this killer pollution and most of all people what are you doing .
2016 May – pollution has not abated the terror is very much there and it is an invisible killer slowly but surely shortening our lives and taking toll of our health and yet no concrete steps taken to curb it only cosmetic changes when we need an emergency response 
2016 feb
Spring is here – brave of AAP to start the Odd/Even scheme and most people also with them / as regards the issue wether it reduced pollution / it did to very small degree and that is now after data is pouring in , all of which confirms the same that pollution did come down / the Prolls those on PR rolls and working on behalf of the auto lobby kept on spreading this nonsense that it is actually increasing due the Odd / Even scheme , the best part they had their own absurd version of data to prove it , though agree cars not a large part of the pollution problem.
must study effects of CNG / ban diesel or if it is allowed then it should be charged more than petrol even if the vehicles adhere to the BS- 6 standards / must involve states around Delhi cant do this on your own / crop burning etc 
dust pollution – see that you are taking some measures / see them picking up dirt from the road and thereby reducing road dust = as regards the dusting machines for now you can buy foreign made expensive ones but if possible gets Indian companies to customize such machines at would cost far less and can serviced cheaply here and would be designed for Indian conditions specifically not Switzerland and you would lots of them .
2015
winters are here and the pollution levels are going up , what is the central and state government doing about ? not much , there is thick layer of diesel fumes hanging in the air , it was never this bad as it is now , even during the pre cng days  when the supreme court was forced to make the Delhi government act against the rising pollution and tamasha the then Delhi government did for the sake of the killer blue line buses which were awarded to criminals and guess under who as the transport minister none other than jagdish tytler , these bus owner went on a killing spree and then did this drama of not wanting to convert to CNG  and wanted concessions/ subsidy and the  government played along with them when it should have simply cancelled their licences and put them behind bars for driving like lunatics and murdering citizens of Delhi but then we know whose lumpens they were .
the same is happening now , the central government isnt doing much punishing the people of Delhi for not voting for them , the state government is more or less always crying they are powerless to do anything , the court are not being 
stern and ruthless in implementation of their order , case in point  the ban on trucks through Delhi , why hasnt anyone being hauled for contempt of court orders all these years , now the supreme court itself retracts and let these polluting trucks pass with a mere Rs 1000 tax which will make the situation even worse .
the trucks are just one part of the problem , the other is dust from construction how many people have been persecuted for that , 
burning of malba in Delhi only a few fines 
agricultural waste outside Delhi 
the bigger problem which one feels is diesel cars it has totally offset all gains from cng , most cars that are being sold in Delhi ncr are now  diesel and the worst part is no one is daring to talk or take on the car lobby , diesel vehicles should be strictly banned and one will see a huge improvement in the air quality , 
but no one wants to talk about this issue no one wants to take on the powerful auto lobby and diesel cars because they are the very elites of the country ,
rest the NGT is doing a good job but really havent made much of impact yet the roads are still laden with dust the diesel lobby is out there and forest land is being taken over .
the time has come to take serious action not just talk about this pollution and take difficult decision s which the central and state government wont take as it will affect their votes and the courts to show clarity and hit hard even if means banning diesel cars these pollution trucks , imposing strict penalties on pollution violators .
we the citizens of Delhi will have to face and suffer the consequences of this pollution and we better make good choices in regards to this epidemic of pollution which is silently killing people of this city .
feb 2015 
major problem – need action – needs a emergency level response
2014
Pollution is the number one problem for Delhi – ncr region , know so many people suffering from ill effects of this toxic pollution and most of  us who live in this region in some way or the other are going to suffer from its ill effects in our lifetime in some way or the other , with such serious consequences for our health there is no serious attempts being made to curb this scourge of toxic pollution hanging over the city , its amazing , despite so many reports and articles on this subject and the very visible effects , not much has been done and whatever is being done is merely cosmetic ,while the situation requires a emergency response and one can start with many simple things like taking strict action against burning of malba , which is banned but still continues and then the use of dung cakes for cooking which is one the leading causes of internal pollution and big killer but still it goes on , quickly build the eastern and western peripheral expressway so it puts an end to these highly polluting trucks passing through Delhi to an end ,push out all these smokestack polluting industries far away from the ncr zone , why do we need these industries around Delhi – ncr region ? 
25th October
Compared to the previous years there was less bursting of crackers and relatively less pollution ,though the newspapers reported there was a spike in the pollution levels before and on Diwali day but compared to what one has seen in the previous years this was very less ,hopefully in the coming years it will even get lesser and whatever crackers are burst they are burst in an open space , away from residential areas .
19th August 
still a long way to go in really coming up with a effective strategy for bringing pollution levels and it means taking some hard decisions and also involves the whole of the national capital region .
 1 August 2014 has there been  any improvement in Delhi ‘s air quality well your guess is as good as mine all the hullabaloo when some report comes out otherwise it is an issue best avoided and we are back to where we were , though horrible in Gurgaon where it is as though one is living at the start of industrial age with  smoke stacks rising from all building thats exactly how Gurgaon looks when the generators kick in which is mostly all the time and thick black generator smoke spewing from homes , shops ,offices , factories etc .Delhi there are areas which differ in the air quality index but overall it is terrible and it gets worse in winter that is the time one is really tested and then the efforts to control pollution implemented by Delhi are not enough it is pollution from  neighbouring states that are affecting the quality of air so it is complex issue hopefully it is addressed soon not only for Delhi but the whole country .One doesnt exactly know how many lives are lost due to air pollution in the Delhi/NCR but it is surely must be the leading causes of
early death in the city and it is worst for those who survive they suffer side effects of such pollution which result in various debilitating diseases
and yet no serious measures have been taken to curb the menace of air pollution which has already crossed the danger mark and according
to many articles Delhi/NCR region is one of the polluted regions in the world .http://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Delhi/delhi-has-the-worst-air-quality-across-india/article5853706.ecehttp://www.worldcrunch.com/culture-society/delhi-039-s-urban-paradox-awful-pollution-and-massive-forests/environment-forest-biodiversity-urbanization-sanjay-van/c3s15395/#.UzfryqiSw2A#ixzz2xRHkRQLthttp://www.washingtonpost.com/national/health-science/diesel-powered-vehicles-leave-new-delhis-air-worse-than-beijings/2014/03/03/ba73e5d2-a089-11e3-9ba6-800d1192d08b_story.htmlhttp://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/delhi/Standardize-fuel-to-improve-Delhi-air-Experts/articleshow/31357987.cmshttp://www.pardaphash.com/news/pollution-kills-3000-children-annually-in-delhi-is-government-unaware/730438.htmlToxicity Delhi part 1The brain uses 20% of the air we breathe so the cleaner the air the better the functioning of
the mind, hence air pollution can be harmful for the mind and that is why air
quality is of prime importance when it comes to mental and physical health ,one remembers a time
when Delhi air was so polluted that my eyes used to be red by the evening people were constantly
suffering eye infections and respiratory ailments due to the pollution ,
drastic measures were used to curb the menace of air pollution and the supreme court stepped in
and the buses after much fight turned CNG and many other measures were taken like moving out polluting
industries out of the city and stricter pollution control for cars and to an extent it did clean up the air
and it was clear from the suspended particulate matter in the air had gone downthat was then and now we are heading back to where we started the pollution levels are once again are
rising and slowly reaching the old levels , why is it happening when effective measures have been taken
to stop pollution , Delhi has one of the highest density of vehicles in the country per person and now there
is a surge in diesel powered vehicles which has offset the gains made from CNG buses and auto and the metro
with a effecient public transport system the there has been a growth of private vehicles and this is adding a
burden to the overstretched road system and there are constant traffic jams on signal free roads and which is
leading to chaos and cases of serious road rages ,why are these commercial vehicles trucks which confirm to no pollution control norms allowed to pass through delhi everyday
the peripheral roads were one such solution instead the western peripheral road is on the verge of completion and the eastern
peripheral road hasnt even got a full go ahead so the pollution by commercial vehicles will continue .a recent study done by JNU shows that air of delhi is not only polluted but is contaminated with toxic metals which takes the
already dangerous pollution level to much higher level of toxic pollution .

the goverment of Delhi needs to seriously start thinking of how to curb the rising levels of pollution

Beijing’s Bad Air Would Be Step Up for Smoggy Delhi

By 

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People made a fire in New Delhi to keep warm on Friday, one of many sources of pollution that makes the city’s air among the world’s worst. Sami Siva for The New York Times

NEW DELHI — In mid-January, air pollution in Beijing was so bad that the government issued urgent health warnings and closed four major highways, prompting the panicked buying of air filters and donning of face masks. But in New Delhi, where pea-soup smog created what was by some measurements even more dangerous air, there were few signs of alarm in the country’s boisterous news media, or on its effervescent Twittersphere.

Despite Beijing’s widespread reputation of having some of the most polluted air of any major city in the world, an examination of daily pollution figures collected from both cities suggests that New Delhi’s air is more laden with dangerous small particles of pollution, more often, than Beijing’s. Lately, a very bad air day in Beijing is about an average one in New Delhi.

The United States Embassy in Beijing sent out warnings in mid-January, when a measure of harmful fine particulate matter known as PM2.5 went above 500, in the upper reaches of the measurement scale, for the first time this year. This refers to particulate matter less than 2.5 micrometers in diameter, which is believed to pose the greatest health risk because it penetrates deeply into lungs.

Take a Deep Breath

Daily peak density of PM2.5, a harmful particulate matter. The World Health Organization recommends a daily mean exposure limit of 25 micrograms per cubic meter.

MICROGRAMS PER CUBIC METER

800

New Delhi

700

600

500

400

300

200

100

Beijing

0

Jan. 1

7

14

21

 

By The New York Times

Sources: Delhi Pollution Control Committee; U.S. Embassy in Beijing

But for the first three weeks of this year, New Delhi’s average daily peak reading of fine particulate matter from Punjabi Bagh, a monitor whose readings are often below those of other city and independent monitors, was 473, more than twice as high as the average of 227 in Beijing. By the time pollution breached 500 in Beijing for the first time on the night of Jan. 15, Delhi had already had eight such days. Indeed, only once in three weeks did New Delhi’s daily peak value of fine particles fall below 300, a level more than 12 times the exposure limit recommended by the World Health Organization.

“It’s always puzzled me that the focus is always on China and not India,” said Dr. Angel Hsu, director of the environmental performance measurement program at the Yale Center for Environmental Law and Policy. “China has realized that it can’t hide behind its usual opacity, whereas India gets no pressure to release better data. So there simply isn’t good public data on India like there is for China.”

Experts have long known that India’s air is among the worst in the world. A recent analysis by Yale researchers found that seven of the 10 countries with the worst air pollution exposures are in South Asia. And evidence is mounting that Indians pay a higher price for air pollution than almost anyone. A recent study showed that Indians have the world’s weakest lungs, with far less capacity than Chinese lungs. Researchers are beginning to suspect that India’s unusual mix of polluted air, poor sanitation and contaminated water may make the country among the most dangerous in the world for lungs.

India has the world’s highest death rate because of chronic respiratory diseases, and it has more deaths from asthma than any other nation, according to the World Health Organization. A recent study found that half of all visits to doctors in India are for respiratory problems, according to Sundeep Salvi, director of the Chest Research Foundation in Pune.

Clean Air Asia, an advocacy group, found that another common measure of pollution known as PM10, for particulate matter less than 10 micrometers in diameter, averaged 117 in Beijing in a six-month period in 2011. In New Delhi, the Center for Science and Environment used government data and found that an average measure of PM10 in 2011 was 281, nearly two-and-a-half times higher.

Perhaps most worrisome, Delhi’s peak daily fine particle pollution levels are 44 percent higher this year than they were last year, when they averaged 328 over the first three weeks of the year. Fine particle pollution has beenstrongly linked with premature death, heart attacks, strokes and heart failure. In October, the World Health Organization declared that it caused lung cancer.

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BREATHLESSAmanat Devi Jain, 4, receives twice-daily breathing treatments for her asthma. Her father said the family breathed normally whenever they left India. Graham Crouch for The New York Times

The United States Embassy in Beijing posts on Twitter the readings of its air monitor, helping to spur awareness of the problem. The readings have more than 35,000 followers. The United States does not release similar readings from its New Delhi Embassy, saying the Indian government releases its own figures.

In China, concerns about air quality have transfixed many urban residents, and some government officials say curbing the pollution is a priority.

But in India, Delhi’s newly elected regional government did not mention air pollution among its 18 priorities, and India’s environment minister quit in December amid widespread criticism that she was delaying crucial industrial projects. Her replacement, the government’s petroleum minister, almost immediately approved several projects that could add considerably to pollution. India and China strenuously resisted pollution limits in global climate talks in Warsaw in November.

Frank Hammes, chief executive of IQAir, a Swiss-based maker of air filters, said his company’s sales were hundreds of times higher in China than in India.

“In China, people are extremely concerned about the air, especially around small children,” Mr. Hammes said. “Why there’s not the same concern in India is puzzling.”

In multiple interviews, Delhiites expressed a mixture of unawareness and despair about the city’s pollution levels. “I don’t think pollution is a major concern for Delhi,” said Akanksha Singh, a 20-year-old engineering student who lives on Delhi’s outskirts in Ghaziabad, adding that he felt that Delhi’s pollution problems were not nearly as bad as those of surrounding towns.

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A smoggy New Delhi. Sami Siva for The New York Times

In 1998, India’s Supreme Court ordered that Delhi’s taxis, three-wheelers and buses be converted to compressed natural gas, but the resulting improvements in air quality were short-lived as cars flooded the roads. In the 1970s, Delhi had about 800,000 vehicles; now it has 7.5 million, with 1,400 more added daily.

“Now the air is far worse than it ever was,” said Anumita Roy Chowdhury, executive director of the Center for Science and Environment.

Indians’ relatively poor lung function has long been recognized, but researchers assumed for years that the difference was genetic.

Then a 2010 study found that the children of Indian immigrants who were born and raised in the United States had far better lung function than those born and raised in India.

“It’s not genetics; it’s mostly the environment,” said Dr. MyLinh Duong, an assistant professor of respirology at McMaster University in Hamilton, Ontario.

In a study published in October, Dr. Duong compared lung tests taken in 38,517 healthy nonsmokers from 17 countries who were matched by height, age and sex. Indians’ lung function was by far the lowest among those tested.

All of this has led some wealthy Indians to consider leaving.

Annat Jain, a private equity investor who returned to India in 2001 after spending 12 years in the United States, said his father died last year of heart failure worsened by breathing problems. Now his 4-year-old daughter must be given twice-daily breathing treatments.

“But whenever we leave the country, everyone goes back to breathing normally,” he said. “It’s something my wife and I talk about constantly.”

 

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